THAT ÉBLÉ BUILT
THE 1812 CROSSING OF THE
Berezina Battle Map
Shown here are the French and Russian army
dispositions in the Studianka/Borisov area as the Berezina bridges were being
built. Since being pushed back across the Berezina River by Oudinot, Russian
General Chichagov had been idle on the west bank opposite the town of Borisov,
having burned its bridge before giving up the crossing. Most of his units were
spread out to the south, where he thought the French would try to cross.
Russian General Wittgenstein was arriving from the Northeast, moving against
Borisov which was eventually held only by the French rear guard division under
General Partouneaux. The main French army was covering the Studianka crossing.
Russian General Chaplits had been watching the suspicious French force at
Studianka, but was ordered south by Chichagov. This singular act saved the
French Army by allowing General Éblé's mostly Dutch pontonniers
to assemble the bridges in relative peace.
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