1916
LAND WAR IN THE AGE OF MACHINES: 1914-1918



Historical Order of Battle: DE

10th Bavarian Infantry Division - At time of mobilization this division, along with 3rd Bavarian Division, belonged to the 2nd Bavarian Army Corps, which formed part of the 6th Army under Crown Prince Ruprecht. Opened the war in Lorraine, capturing Fort Manonvillier (along with 3rd and 22nd Divisions). Then entrained at Metz for Namur and there became part of the 2nd Army and until mid-October fought North of the Somme. Then to Flanders south of Ypres where it held the Wytschaete sector until mid-November at which point regimental strengths were down to less than 800 men. September 26, 1915, engaged at Artois on the Luus-Hulluch front during which time they suffered severe losses. April, 1916, lost 1,100 men while attempting a gas attack. August, 1916, engaged between Martinpuich and Longueval, fighting violent battles for the Bois Haut. Lost 60% of effectives. June, 1917, in line at Bois de Ploegsteert, suffering heavily from British preparation for Messines Ridge attack. Sent to rest at Audenarde until July, then sent into line northeast of Ypres, losing 30% through October. Moved to quiet sector at Thiaucourt until relieved by 40th Division in April, 1918. Served briefly at Kemmel, then returned to Flanders near Merris until July, again suffering heavy loss. Rested until August, then reengaged at Bucquoy and withdrawn eight days later after losing 1,600 men as prisoners. Rested near Tourcoing until September, then in line at Champagne, north of Maure. In reserve with 3rd Army at time of Armistice.

This division was a first class formation, seeing heavy fighting and surviving with its morale intact. It was very aggressive in the attack, and tenacious in the defense. The organization was tightly run, so that morale was only modestly affected by the huge batches of replacements which regularly filled its ranks.

1914 1915 1916 1917 1918

Brig. Regiment. Brig. Regiment. Brig. Regiment. Brig. Regiment. Brig. Regiment.
Infantry 7 Bav. 5 Bav.
9 Bav.
7 Bav. 5 Bav.
9 Bav.
7 Bav. 5 Bav.
5 Bav. Res.
9 Bav.
7 Bav. 5 Bav.
5 Bav. Res.
9 Bav.
7 Bav. 5 Bav.
5 Bav. Res.
9 Bav.
5 Bav. Res. 5 Bav. Res.
8 Bav. Res.
5 Bav. Res. 5 Bav. Res.
8 Bav. Res.
Cavalry 5 Bav. Lt.Cav. ... 5 Bav. Lt.Cav.
(3 Sqns)
5 Bav. Lt.Cav.
(5th Sqn)
5 Bav. Lt.Cav. Rgt.
(5 Sqns)
Artillery 4 Bav.Brig.
2 Bav. F.A.Rgt.
11 Bav. F.A. Rgt.
4 Bav. Brig.
2 Bav. F.A.Rgt.
11 Bav. F.A. Rgt.
4 Bav. Brig.
2 Bav. F.A.Rgt.
11 Bav. F.A. Rgt.
4 Bav.Art. Command
2 Bav. F.A.Rgt.
11 Bav. F.A. Rgt.(?)
4 Bav.Art. Command:
2 Bav. F.A. Rgt.
2 Abt.4 Bav.F.A.Rgt.
122 Bav.Light Am. Col.
134 Bav.Light Am. Col.
135 Bav.Light Am. Col.

Engineers & Liasons 2d Field Co.
2 Bav.Pion.Btn.
2d Field Co.
2 Bav.Pion.Btn.
4 Bav.pont. Engs.
4 Bav.Tel.Detch.
2d & 5th Field Co.
2 Bav.Pion.Btn.
4 Bav. T.M. Co.
4 Bav.pont. Engs.
4 Bav.Tel.Detch.
6 Bav.Pion.Co.
9 Bav. Pion. Co.
4 Bav. T.M. Co..
4 Bav.Tel.Detch.
8 Bav.Pion.Btn.:
6 Bav.Pion.Co.
9 Bav. Pion. Co.
14 Bav.T.M.Co.
4 Bav.Searchlight Section.

4 Bav.Signal Command:
4 Bav.Tel.Detch
108 Bav.Wireless.Detch.
Medical & Veterinary ... ... ... 5 Ambulance Co.
11 Bav.Field Hospital
Vet.Hospital
5 Ambulance Co.
11 Bav.Field Hospital
12 Bav.Field Hospital
Transport ... ... ... M.T.Col. 684 Bav.M.T.Col.
Attached ... ... 35 Labor Btn.
Key:
Brig. = Brigade, Rgt. = Regiment, Btn. = Battalion, Sqn. = Squadron, Engs. = Engineers, Pion. = Pioneer, Gren. = Grenadier, Ldw. = Landwehr, Res. = Reserve, Bav. = Bavarian, Detch. = Detachment, Pont. = Pontoon.

Note: The numbers in front of each title are unit designations, not quantities.
 
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